Thursday, November 12, 2009

CAPACITOR DISCHARGING EXPLAINED

I was browsing the internet and found many sites where the guys think that they will get the same or better welders by making the voltage higher and the capacitance lower. Yes, it will be cheaper and easier to increase the voltage to get more Joules or Watt-second (1/2x capacitance x voltage x voltage) BUT here is the catch: The capacitance of your cap and the resistance that you weld, determine the length of your weld and not the WATT-SECOND. In other words if you have a 1 farad cap, charged to 35Volt (612Ws) then it will completely discharge in 15ms if you weld metal with a resistance of 0.003Ohm (0.005 nickel).
If you increase the voltage to 50V then you will have 1250Ws and your capacitor will still discharge in 15ms at the same resistance.
With a bigger capacitor, lets say 3farad at 20Volt (600Ws), will discharge over a 45ms period.
You can already see what is happening here: A higher voltage will give you more current discharged into your work piece in a shorter time. It will produce more heat, is very hard to control and will make welding thinner metals very difficult, meaning that 0.1ms can give you a nice weld and 0.2 might burn a hole in your work piece.
 With a lower voltage and bigger capacitance your weld will be more spread out and will have less current than above but it will give you a much better controlled weld and fuse your metals better and stronger together.
 The higher Ws makes a big difference but the capacitance should also be bigger to give longer and better controlled welds.The Volts and Capacitance needs to be balanced to make a good welder.
For battery packs, I will suggest the higher capacitance and that is what I'm building here.

ANY VOLTAGE, 60V AND OVER, AC OR DC CAN KILL YOU! VOLTAGES BETWEEN 50 AND 60V   MIGHT GIVE YOU A TICKLE BUT IT WON'T HURT YOU. THIS WELDERS WITH VOLTAGES OF 20V IS TOTALLY SAFE AND YOU CAN HOLD THE PROBES IN YOUR HAND WHILE 10000AMP IS FLOWING THROUGH IT WITHOUT FEELING A THING.

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