I am waiting for parts to build I guess the part of this project that everyone is waiting for. I am trying to make this welder as cheap as possible and this weekend my calculator kept on spitting out data that I didn’t like. I have a circuit that turns my SCR’s off but to build it to work with all big SCR’s out there will be more difficult and expensive than just using Mosfets for the actual weld. I never wanted to use Mosfets but looking at the numbers made me change my mind.
Big SCR’s have an ON resistance of about 1.5mOhm (It differs). If we do a quick calculation you will see that if we make the resistance of the metal that we weld 0(dead short because we are trying to figure out the max current to protect our components) then we only need the Capacitor's ESR and the SCR’s ON resistance to work out the actual max current at the moment the switch is closed (we are not going to use the wire and weld probe resistance because they are variables)
Let’s say our Cap have an ESR of 1.6mOhm. If we use the above SCR and charge our cap to 20V (max) then 1.6 + 1.5 = 0.0031Ohm. I = V/R 20/0.0031 = 6452Amps.
The Mosfets in parallel that I’m going to use will have a much lower ON resistance of 0.0002Ohm which will give us about 11111Amps for a split second(much higher than the SCR). The current will be less if we add the wire and probe resistances and also the metal that we are going to weld. The number of Mosfets in parallel will also give us a much bigger surface area to work with.
I should receive the PCB’s by the 17Th. I am busy designing this new Mosfet circuit and will post pictures and more information